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Double Plays Erased 16.5% of Jim Rice's Offensive Value


Double plays can be toxic to an offense. Not only are you getting yourself out, but you're also getting somebody else out and either ending the inning or taking a very promising no-out situation to a two-out one. Nobody in the history of baseball (according to Sean Smith's calculations) cost their team more by grounding into double plays than Hall of Famer Jim Rice. However, this major flaw in his game goes essentially undetected to the casual fan because it isn't reflected in his batting average, OPS, or other traditional metrics.

It's not that I love to pick on Jim Rice.

I mean, I'm a Red Sox fan who lives in Massachusetts. So, he's kind of a legend around these parts. But I think he's a wonderful example of a player who's perceived value is much different from his objective value.

Rice looks great at first glance—he had an MVP, hit for average and power, and did it all during a time of depressed offense. So, why does his Wins Above Replacement total (41.5) rank just 258th all time (among position players) alongside the likes of Jose Canseco, Andy Van Slyke, and Lenny Dykstra?

Rice's career counting numbers looked pretty good: a .298 average, 382 home runs, 1451 RBI, and 2452 hits. He's one of only 14 players in Major League history to reach all of those numbers. Yet he ranks at the bottom—and by a wide margin—in WAR among those players.

Rk Player WAR/pos BA HR RBI H
1 Babe Ruth 172.0 .342 714 2213 2873
2 Barry Bonds 171.8 .298 762 1996 2935
3 Willie Mays 154.7 .302 660 1903 3283
4 Hank Aaron 141.6 .305 755 2297 3771
5 Stan Musial 127.8 .331 475 1951 3630
6 Ted Williams 125.3 .344 521 1839 2654
7 Lou Gehrig 118.4 .340 493 1995 2721
8 Mel Ott 109.3 .304 511 1860 2876
9 Alex Rodriguez 101.9 .303 613 1831 2672
10 Jimmie Foxx 94.1 .325 534 1922 2646
11 Chipper Jones 80.1 .306 436 1491 2490
12 Frank Thomas 75.9 .301 521 1704 2468
13 Manny Ramirez 67.5 .313 555 1830 2573
14 Jim Rice 41.5 .298 382 1451 2452
Provided by View Play Index Tool Used
Generated 11/21/2010.

Why is Rice so far behind?

First of all, any time you make a list like that, your guy is bound to be at the bottom. I'm using all the numbers Rice achieved as the minimums. So, everyone on the list exceeded each of them. But there are also a couple fundamental differences between Rice and the rest of the list.

  • Rice didn't walk. His 670 walks are so far behind on this list that it's ridiculous. The next-lowest is Alex Rodriguez (1119)—and he's still active. Three of these guys have over two thousand walks. If there's one thing I've learned in the last two years of dabbling in sabermetrics it's that players who walk have a ton of value. Rice simply didn't walk.
  • Rice didn't hit doubles. His 373 doubles are dead last on the list, too.
  • Then there's those damn double plays. -45 runs isn't really the end of the world. It basically hacks 4.5 WAR off his career total. That certainly doesn't shrink the gap between him and the rest of the list. But 45 runs is still a substantial amount. We're talking about the entire offensive value (above average) of guys like Carl Everett, Steve Finley, Rondell White, or Travis Fryman.

There's also an elephant in the room. While Sean Smith (and therefore Baseball-Reference) have Rice at 41.5 wins, Fangraphs has him at 56.1 WAR. Of course, I've seen differences between the two before—they use different inputs (but similar methodologies). What really strikes me is the difference in Batting Runs. Sean Smith has 279 to Fangraphs' 336.5. If anyone has an explanation for this, I'm all ears!