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ERA+ and OPS+

Via reader request, we continue tonight with the statistics short summaries - alliteration is fun - and the subjects are OPS+ and ERA+. Found on every hitter and pitcher's Baseball-reference page, both metrics are quick and simple ways to judge a player's performance.

The base for either stat is 100; if a player has an ERA+ of 102 it means simply that he's 2% better than league average, if one has a OPS+ of 91 he's 9% worse than the league average. Remember absolute value from your math classes and how the teacher stressed that it's simple the distance from 0, well it's almost like that, only 0 in this case equals 100 and defines league average.

For those ambitious ones here are the formulas for each as described on the glossary pages of BR:

PRO+ = 100 * ( OBP/lgOBP + SLG/lgSLG - 1)/BPF
lgERA / ERA

BFB stands for park factors, you can find those here amongst other places.